Know More About Fever: Understanding Symptoms, Causes, and How to Care for Your Child



Fevers are common in children and are often caused by their immune system fighting off infections or other medical conditions. As a parent, it’s essential to recognize fever as a symptom, much like a cough or a sore throat. The severity of the fever alone may not be the best indicator of whether your child needs treatment or evaluation. Instead, observing how your child behaves and appears can provide valuable insights. This blog post will discuss ways to check for a fever, common causes of fevers in children, and practical tips for providing care when your child has a fever.

Ways to Check for a Fever:

To accurately measure your child’s temperature, it is essential to use a reliable thermometer. Avoid relying on touch alone to gauge fever as it may not provide accurate results. The following methods are recommended:

  • Oral: Insert the thermometer under the tongue, close the mouth, and take a reading.
  • Rectal: Gently insert the thermometer into the rectum (child’s bottom) for the most accurate reading. This method is preferred for children under 3 years old.
  • Armpit: Place the thermometer under the armpit and hold the arm against the side of the body. Insert the thermometer vertically for precise results. This method is suitable for infants and older children.
  • Ear: Use a digital thermometer inserted into the ear to take a reading.

Causes of Fever in Children:

Fevers in children can be triggered by various factors, including:

  • Viral Infections: Common cold, flu, and other viral infections can lead to fever.
  • Bacterial Infections: Conditions like pneumonia, ear infections, and strep throat can cause fevers.
  • Medications: Certain medications can cause fever as a side effect.
  • Allergies: Allergic reactions may result in fever in some cases.
  • Inflammatory Diseases: Inflammatory conditions can lead to elevated body temperature.
  • Rare Disorders: Serious conditions like cancer or connective tissue disorders may also cause fevers.

Observing Your Child:

When your child has a fever, they may exhibit certain signs, including:

  • Flushed or pale appearance.
  • Feeling hot or cool to the touch.
  • Irritability or drowsiness.
  • Shivering or trembling.
  • Sweating and increased thirst.

Managing Fever:

Depending on your child’s age and the severity of the fever, you can take the following steps to manage the situation:

  • Dress your child lightly to allow body heat to escape and avoid heavy blankets.
  • Encourage your child to drink plenty of fluids to stay hydrated.
  • Give your child a lukewarm bath to help lower the body temperature.
  • Administer fever medicine like paracetamol or ibuprofen based on the recommended dosage for their age. Avoid giving aspirin to children due to the risk of Reyes Syndrome.

When to Seek Medical Attention:

While most fevers can be managed at home, certain situations require immediate medical attention. Call your doctor if:

  • Your child is 3 months old or younger and has a fever.
  • Your child has a prolonged fever or frequent fevers.
  • Your child exhibits severe symptoms like difficulty breathing, confusion, or seizures.
  • Your child has blue lips, tongue, or nails.
  • Your child complains of a severe headache.


Fever is a common symptom in children and is usually a sign of the body fighting off infections or other underlying medical conditions. By knowing how to check for a fever, understanding its possible causes, and following appropriate care measures, you can effectively manage your child’s fever at home. However, always trust your instincts as a parent and seek medical advice if you are unsure about how to proceed or if your child’s condition worsens.